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Innovation Effort Indicators
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Innovation Effort Indicators

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The dataset contains indicators for public and private innovation efforts. It is difficult to make a thorough distinction between R&D and innovation. However, R&D is considered to be the underlying source of inventions that drive innovation. More information is available in the ifo DICE Report 4/2019: Innovation Policy. Note: BERD =  R&D expenditure of the business sector

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