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Types of Asylum Procedures in Europe

The four main asylum precedures are:

  1. Border  procedure: Article 43 of the recast Asylum Procedures Directive allows for procedures relating to the admissibility and/or the substance of an asylum application to take place at the border for up to a period of four weeks. Where this time elapses and no decision has been taken the applicant will be granted access to the territory, although a derogation seems to be possible for an indefinite period of time where there are a large number of third country national arrivals.
  2. Admissibility procedure: Article 5 of the Dublin III Regulation foresees that a personal interview takes place in order to establish the determining State under the Dublin procedure. This interview allows for a proper understanding of the Dublin system, the possibility to submit information on the presence of family relations and to challenge a transfer decision. Many countries have used the admissibility interview to examine applications under the Dublin procedure. As a result, the applicant is subjected to an interview which may not be tailored to the specificities of the application of the Dublin criteria and the right to raise challenges against a transfer.
  3. Accelerated procedure: Asylum procedure conducted in shorter time-frames and involving reduced procedural safeguards, including reduced time-limits for lodging appeals.
  4. Dublin procedure: Dublin system establishing the criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an asylum application.
Related Datasets

Custom

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Accelerated Asylum Procedure

Various
Asylum procedure conducted in shorter time-frames and involving reduced procedural safeguards, including reduced time-limits for lodging appeals (in 2016).

Custom

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Admissibility Asylum Procedure

Various
Overview of countries that have used the admissibility interview to examine applications under the Dublin procedure. Data were reported in 2016.

Custom

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Dublin Asylum Procedure

Various
The Dublin system establishes the criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an asylum application.

Custom

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Regular Asylum Procedure

Note: Data are from the Asylum Information Database (AIDA) - a database containing information on asylum procedures, reception conditions and detention across 16 European Union (EU) Member States (Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Germany, France, Greece, Croatia, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Sweden, United Kingdom) and two non-EU countries (Switzerland, Turkey).      

Custom

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Types of Asylum Procedures in Europe

The dataset gives an overview of the different types of asylum procedures across Europe that were in place in 2016.

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