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Tax Subsidy Rates on R&D Expenditures (1-B-Index)

Various
The tax subsidy rate is calculated as 1 minus the B-index, a measure of the before-tax income needed to break even on USD 1 of R&D outlays (Warda, 2001). It is based on responses from national finance/tax/innovation authorities and R&D statistical agencies to the OECD questionnaire on R&D tax incentives and also draws on other publicly available information.

Working Paper

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Strength of Legal Rights Index

Various
Strength of legal rights index measures the degree to which collateral and bankruptcy laws protect the rights of borrowers and lenders and thus facilitate lending. The index ranges from 0 to 10, with higher scores indicating that these laws are better designed to expand access to credit.

Custom

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Health Status

OECD
Testing OECD Life expectancy for males and femals in different age levels.

Custom

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions

OECD
This dataset presents trends in man-made emissions of major greenhouse gases.

Custom

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High-Technology Exports

World Bank Group
Exports of products with high research and development (R&D) intensity
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Carbon Dioxide Emissions

OECD Tonnes of CO2 equ. thousands N5

Carbon dioxide emissions, emissions excluding LULUCF (land use, land-use change and forestry)

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Total

OECD Tonnes of CO2 equ. thousands N5

Greenhouse gas emissions: total excluding LULUCF (land use, land-use change and forestry)

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High-technology Exports

World Bank Group

World Development Indicators, Frequency: Annual, Series: High-technology exports (current US$)

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