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High-Technology Exports

High-technology exports are products with high research and development (R&D) intensity, such as in aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, scientific instruments, and electrical machinery. The approach of using products rather than sectors is used since industrial sectors may specialize in both high-technology and low-technology products. The indicator is based on data reported by countries to COMTRADE and is shown in Data are in current U.S. Dollars. 

Classification: The OECD has developed a four-way classification of exports: high, medium-high, medium-low and low-technology. The classification is based on the importance of expenditures on R&D relative to the gross output and value added. 

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High-Technology Exports | List of References

© 14.06.2021, Provided by Database for Institutional Comparisons in Economies (https://dice.ifo.de/en/node/306664)
Author Title Publication Edition Url Accessed Source type
World Bank Open Data World Development Indicators (WDI) https://api.worldbank.org/v2/sdmx/rest/v2/data/WDI/ABW+AFG+AGO+ALB+AND+ANT+ARE+ARG+ARM+ASM+ATG+AUS+AUT+AZE+BDI+BEL+BEN+BFA+BGD+BGR+BHR+BHS+BIH+BLR+BLZ+BMU+BOL+BRA+BRB+BRN+BTN+BWA+CAF+CAN+CHE+CHI+CHL+CHN+CIV+CMR+COD+COG+COL+COM+CPV+CRI+CUB+CYM+CYP+CZE+DEU+DJI+DMA+DNK+DOM+DZA+ECU+EGY+ERI+ESP+EST+ETH+FIN+FJI+FRA+FRO+FSM+GAB+GBR+GEO+GHA+GIB+GIN+GMB+GNB+GNQ+GRC+GRD+GRL+GTM+GUM+GUY+HKG+HND+HRV+HTI+HUN+IDN+IMN+IND+IRL+IRN+IRQ+ISL+ISR+ITA+JAM+JOR+JPN+KAZ+KEN+KGZ+KHM+KIR+KNA+KOR+KWT+LAO+LBN+LBR+LBY+LCA+LIE+LKA+LSO+LTU+LUX+LVA+MAC+MAR+MCO+MDA+MDG+MDV+MEX+MHL+MKD+MLI+MLT+MMR+MNE+MNG+MNP+MOZ+MRT+MUS+MWI+MYS+MYT+NAM+NCL+NER+NGA+NIC+NLD+NOR+NPL+NZL+OMN+PAK+PAN+PER+PHL+PLW+PNG+POL+PRI+PRK+PRT+PRY+PSE+PYF+QAT+ROU+RUS+RWA+SAU+SDN+SEN+SGP+SLB+SLE+SLV+SMR+SOM+SRB+STP+SUR+SVK+SVN+SWE+SWZ+SYC+SYR+TCA+TCD+TGO+THA+TJK+TKM+TLS+TON+TTO+TUN+TUR+TUV+TZA+UGA+UKR+URY+USA+UZB+VCT+VEN+VIR+VNM+VUT+WSM+XKX+YEM+ZAF+ZMB+ZWE.TX_VAL_TECH_CD 2019-07-24 web
World Bank Open Data World Development Indicators (WDI) https://api.worldbank.org/v2/sdmx/rest/v2/data/WDI/ABW+AFG+AGO+ALB+AND+ANT+ARE+ARG+ARM+ASM+ATG+AUS+AUT+AZE+BDI+BEL+BEN+BFA+BGD+BGR+BHR+BHS+BIH+BLR+BLZ+BMU+BOL+BRA+BRB+BRN+BTN+BWA+CAF+CAN+CHE+CHI+CHL+CHN+CIV+CMR+COD+COG+COL+COM+CPV+CRI+CUB+CYM+CYP+CZE+DEU+DJI+DMA+DNK+DOM+DZA+ECU+EGY+ERI+ESP+EST+ETH+FIN+FJI+FRA+FRO+FSM+GAB+GBR+GEO+GHA+GIB+GIN+GMB+GNB+GNQ+GRC+GRD+GRL+GTM+GUM+GUY+HKG+HND+HRV+HTI+HUN+IDN+IMN+IND+IRL+IRN+IRQ+ISL+ISR+ITA+JAM+JOR+JPN+KAZ+KEN+KGZ+KHM+KIR+KNA+KOR+KWT+LAO+LBN+LBR+LBY+LCA+LIE+LKA+LSO+LTU+LUX+LVA+MAC+MAR+MCO+MDA+MDG+MDV+MEX+MHL+MKD+MLI+MLT+MMR+MNE+MNG+MNP+MOZ+MRT+MUS+MWI+MYS+MYT+NAM+NCL+NER+NGA+NIC+NLD+NOR+NPL+NZL+OMN+PAK+PAN+PER+PHL+PLW+PNG+POL+PRI+PRK+PRT+PRY+PSE+PYF+QAT+ROU+RUS+RWA+SAU+SDN+SEN+SGP+SLB+SLE+SLV+SMR+SOM+SRB+STP+SUR+SVK+SVN+SWE+SWZ+SYC+SYR+TCA+TCD+TGO+THA+TJK+TKM+TLS+TON+TTO+TUN+TUR+TUV+TZA+UGA+UKR+URY+USA+UZB+VCT+VEN+VIR+VNM+VUT+WSM+XKX+YEM+ZAF+ZMB+ZWE.TX_VAL_TECH_CD 2019-07-26 web
World Bank Open Data World Development Indicators (WDI) https://api.worldbank.org/v2/sdmx/rest/v2/data/WDI/ABW+AFG+AGO+ALB+AND+ANT+ARE+ARG+ARM+ASM+ATG+AUS+AUT+AZE+BDI+BEL+BEN+BFA+BGD+BGR+BHR+BHS+BIH+BLR+BLZ+BMU+BOL+BRA+BRB+BRN+BTN+BWA+CAF+CAN+CHE+CHI+CHL+CHN+CIV+CMR+COD+COG+COL+COM+CPV+CRI+CUB+CYM+CYP+CZE+DEU+DJI+DMA+DNK+DOM+DZA+ECU+EGY+ERI+ESP+EST+ETH+FIN+FJI+FRA+FRO+FSM+GAB+GBR+GEO+GHA+GIB+GIN+GMB+GNB+GNQ+GRC+GRD+GRL+GTM+GUM+GUY+HKG+HND+HRV+HTI+HUN+IDN+IMN+IND+IRL+IRN+IRQ+ISL+ISR+ITA+JAM+JOR+JPN+KAZ+KEN+KGZ+KHM+KIR+KNA+KOR+KWT+LAO+LBN+LBR+LBY+LCA+LIE+LKA+LSO+LTU+LUX+LVA+MAC+MAR+MCO+MDA+MDG+MDV+MEX+MHL+MKD+MLI+MLT+MMR+MNE+MNG+MNP+MOZ+MRT+MUS+MWI+MYS+MYT+NAM+NCL+NER+NGA+NIC+NLD+NOR+NPL+NZL+OMN+PAK+PAN+PER+PHL+PLW+PNG+POL+PRI+PRK+PRT+PRY+PSE+PYF+QAT+ROU+RUS+RWA+SAU+SDN+SEN+SGP+SLB+SLE+SLV+SMR+SOM+SRB+STP+SUR+SVK+SVN+SWE+SWZ+SYC+SYR+TCA+TCD+TGO+THA+TJK+TKM+TLS+TON+TTO+TUN+TUR+TUV+TZA+UGA+UKR+URY+USA+UZB+VCT+VEN+VIR+VNM+VUT+WSM+XKX+YEM+ZAF+ZMB+ZWE.TX_VAL_TECH_CD 2021-03-19 web
World Bank Open Data World Development Indicators (WDI) https://api.worldbank.org/v2/sdmx/rest/v2/data/WDI/ABW+AFG+AGO+ALB+AND+ANT+ARE+ARG+ARM+ASM+ATG+AUS+AUT+AZE+BDI+BEL+BEN+BFA+BGD+BGR+BHR+BHS+BIH+BLR+BLZ+BMU+BOL+BRA+BRB+BRN+BTN+BWA+CAF+CAN+CHE+CHI+CHL+CHN+CIV+CMR+COD+COG+COL+COM+CPV+CRI+CUB+CYM+CYP+CZE+DEU+DJI+DMA+DNK+DOM+DZA+ECU+EGY+ERI+ESP+EST+ETH+FIN+FJI+FRA+FRO+FSM+GAB+GBR+GEO+GHA+GIB+GIN+GMB+GNB+GNQ+GRC+GRD+GRL+GTM+GUM+GUY+HKG+HND+HRV+HTI+HUN+IDN+IMN+IND+IRL+IRN+IRQ+ISL+ISR+ITA+JAM+JOR+JPN+KAZ+KEN+KGZ+KHM+KIR+KNA+KOR+KWT+LAO+LBN+LBR+LBY+LCA+LIE+LKA+LSO+LTU+LUX+LVA+MAC+MAR+MCO+MDA+MDG+MDV+MEX+MHL+MKD+MLI+MLT+MMR+MNE+MNG+MNP+MOZ+MRT+MUS+MWI+MYS+MYT+NAM+NCL+NER+NGA+NIC+NLD+NOR+NPL+NZL+OMN+PAK+PAN+PER+PHL+PLW+PNG+POL+PRI+PRK+PRT+PRY+PSE+PYF+QAT+ROU+RUS+RWA+SAU+SDN+SEN+SGP+SLB+SLE+SLV+SMR+SOM+SRB+STP+SUR+SVK+SVN+SWE+SWZ+SYC+SYR+TCA+TCD+TGO+THA+TJK+TKM+TLS+TON+TTO+TUN+TUR+TUV+TZA+UGA+UKR+URY+USA+UZB+VCT+VEN+VIR+VNM+VUT+WSM+XKX+YEM+ZAF+ZMB+ZWE.TX_VAL_TECH_CD 2021-03-24 web

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