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Business and Innovation

Company operations are influenced by institutional arrangements daily. This sector provides details of enterprise environment as well as competition policy, barriers to trade and entrepreneurship that may continue to exist. Furthermore, the section looks at structural policies regarding globalisation and technological change as well as a variety of instruments used to stimulate innovation.

Related Datasets

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Access to Broadband Internet - Households and Enterprises

Eurostat
"Access to Broadband - Households and Enterprises" refers to the access to and use of broadband internet in households (as a percentage of households) and enterprises (as apercantage of enterprises). Broadband access is either fixed or mobile. Eurostat: isoc_bde15b_h (households) and isoc_bde15b_e (enterprises)

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E-Government Development Index (EGDI)

Various
E-Government Development Index (EGDI) compares all UN Member States in regards to their national e-government effectiveness in the delivery of public services.

Working Paper

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Global Cybersecurity Index

Various
Global Cyber Security Index (GCI) compares the commitment of countries with regards to the five pillars of the cybersecurity agenda (legal, technical, organizational, capacity building, cooperation). It is constructed by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

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High-Technology Exports

World Bank Group
Exports of products with high research and development (R&D) intensity

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ICT Development

Various
ICT Development Index (IDI) monitors developments in information and communication technology between countries and over time. It is provided by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU).

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ICT Personnel

Eurostat
Percentage of ICT personnel of total employment

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ICT Sector in GDP

Eurostat
Percentage of the ICT sector in GDP (manufacturing, services, total)

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Industrial Robots

Various
Industrial robots per 10,000 employees and annual shipments of industrial robots

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Innovation Effort Indicators

Various
The dataset contains indicators for public and private innovation efforts. It is difficult to make a thorough distinction between R&D and innovation. However, R&D is considered to be the underlying source of inventions that drive innovation. More information is available in the ifo DICE Report 4/2019: Innovation Policy. Note: BERD =  R&D expenditure of the business sector

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Innovation Outcome Indicators

This dataset contains indicators reflecting outcomes of innovation and R&D Investments. More information is available in the ifo DICE Report 4/2019 Innovation Policy.

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Strength of Legal Rights Index

Various
Strength of legal rights index measures the degree to which collateral and bankruptcy laws protect the rights of borrowers and lenders and thus facilitate lending. The index ranges from 0 to 10, with higher scores indicating that these laws are better designed to expand access to credit.

Working Paper

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Tax Subsidy Rates on R&D Expenditures (1-B-Index)

Various
The tax subsidy rate is calculated as 1 minus the B-index, a measure of the before-tax income needed to break even on USD 1 of R&D outlays (Warda, 2001). It is based on responses from national finance/tax/innovation authorities and R&D statistical agencies to the OECD questionnaire on R&D tax incentives and also draws on other publicly available information.

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